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This books of hours (‘Horae beatae moriae’) dates from the late 15th century but was bound in the early 17th century in France. The origin is attributed to Paris and it is written in Latin. ‘The most profusely illustrated Book of Hours in the [Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript] Library’s collection, this Horae contains more than forty miniatures, with representations of such subjects as the labors of the months, the signs of the zodiac, images of saints, traditional scenes from Jesus’ infancy, and full-page narrative cycles of the Annunciation and Crucifixion. Each of the miniatures, such as the one of the artist at work, a favorite subject of artists of any time, is surrounded by an elaborate foliated border, containing realistically rendered birds, animals and insects. The miniatures have been variously attributed, but are currently thought to be the work of a chief associate of Maître François (fl. 1463-1481)’. [1, 2].

Two pages have malacological relevance by their snail-like figures in the borders.
f. 111r shows a yellowish, left-coiled shell with suggestions of axial ribs. From the aperture a snail-like figure comes out, with a humanised face and three spines on the head.
f. 111v has in the border a similar shell, but dark-brown coloured and right-coiled. The front-end of a camel-like creature is getting out from the aperture, thus forming a hybrid creature.


[1] http://bit.ly/1d7A9in (4.i.2014).
[2] CUN, RBML BP096, 197 ff. http://www.columbia.edu/acis/textarchive/rare/22.html (4.i.2014).