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In the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, this manuscript is entitled “Histoire de l’Ordre de Toison d’Or”, is attributed to Guillaume Fillastre, and originates from the 16th century [1].

In 1430, Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founded the Order of the Golden Fleece, a secular order, designed to tighten the bonds with the Burgundian nobility of Philip the Good and allow the Duke to honour loved ones. This is an order of chivalry in which the prestigious Knights had to wear in all circumstances a gold necklace composed of alternating guns and flintsthe motto of the Duke—with a suspended fleece of a ram. The gold necklaces belonged to the treasurer of the Order and should be returned after the knight died [2].

On folio 066v, in the left border, a sinistral snail is present. The shell is sinistral, the animal upright, humanised, and with four tentacles.

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f066v_

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f066v_d

Folio 069v shows, on the upper ledge, on either side two snails in symmetry. One is dextral, the other sinistral. Both snails have two tentacles and the shell has a strangely prolonged and protruding aperture.

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f069v_

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f069v_d

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f069v_d1

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f069v_d2

A similar scene is depicted on folio 211v, but here the snails have each been mounted by an angle.

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f211v_d1

BNF_Ms Francais 138_f211v_d2

[1] BNF, inv. Ms. Français 138, 290 ff. http://bit.ly/1plDnjN. Permalink: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b90589090 [B/W].
[2] http://dor24.com/histoire/ordre-toison-or.