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In the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, this missal dates from ca. 1520 and originates from Italy, Rome, where it was made for Cardinal Bernardino López de Carvajal (1456-1523) [1]. One on one page a snail is seen.


The description of f. 169r reads “Christ: Resurrection and Holy Women: at Sepulcher — Within initial R, Christ, nimbed, partially draped, displaying wounds, is above sarcophagus. Angel sits on the sarcophagus, raising right hand and looking toward three Holy women, veiled, one holding ointment jar. In foreground soldiers recline on ground.
Scene in landscape with rocky outcrop, hills in distance.
Margins are decorated with floreate border, including sweet pea, dianthus, iris, daisy, and rose, inhabited by insects, including ladybug, fly, butterfly, and moth, and snail, and birds including parrot and owl”.

The (rather stylised) snail is in the lower border, together with a peacock. The shell is spirally banded and sinistral, the animal has two tentacles.


[1] PMM, inv. Ms. M.1023, 236 ff. [corsair.themorgan.org, search ‘snail’ #83].